Tag Archives: Oenothera biennis L.

EMA Publish List of references supporting the assessment of Oenothera biennis L.; Oenothera lamarckiana L., oleum

EMA Publish List of references supporting the assessment of Oenothera biennis L.; Oenothera lamarckiana L., oleum

Full Text Here

The Agency acknowledges that copies of the underlying works used to produce this monograph were provided for research only with exclusion of any commercial purpose.
Abou El-Ela SH, Prasse KW, Carroll R, et al. Effects of dietary primrose oil on mammary tumorigenesis induced by 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene. Lipids 1987; 22(12): 1041-1044
Abou El-Ela SH, Prasse KW, Carroll R, et al. Eicosanoid synthesis in 7,12-dimethylbenz(a)anthracene-induced mammary carcinomas in sprague-dawley rats fed primrose oil, menhaden oil or corn oil diet. Lipids 1988; 23(10): 948-954
Aman MG, Mitchell EA, Turbott SH. The effects of essential fatty acid supplementation by Efamol in hyperactive children. J Abnorm Child Psychol 1987; 15(1): 75-90
Al-Shabanah OA. Effect of evening primrose oil on gastric ulceration and secretion induced by various ulcerogenic and necrotizing agents in rats. Food Chem Toxicol 1997; 35(8): 769-775
Anonymous. Surgical research society abstracts. Br J Surg 1981; 68: 801-824
Anstey A, Quigley M, Wilkinson JD. Topical evening primrose oil as treatment for atopic eczema. J Dermatol Treat 1990; 1: 199-201
Bamford JTM, Gibson RW, Renier CM. Atopic eczema unresponsive to evening primrose oil (linoleic and -linolenic acids). J Am Acad Dermatol 1985; 13(6): 959-965
Barnes J, Anderson LA, Phillipson JD. Herbal Medicines. Pharmaceutical Press, London 2007, 251-255
Bédard M. Evening primrose oil – still promising, but unproven. Can Pharm J 2003; 136(10): 41-42
Belch JJF, Shaw B, O’Dowd A, et al. Evening primrose oil (Efamol) as a treatment for cold-induced vasospasm (Raynauds phenomenon). Prog Lipid Res 1986; 25: 335-340


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EMA Publish Community herbal monograph on Oenothera biennis L. & Oenothera lamarckiana L., oleum

EMA Publish Community herbal monograph on Oenothera biennis L. & Oenothera lamarckiana L., oleum

Full Text Here

With regard to the marketing authorisation application of Article 10(a) of Directive 2001/83/EC as amended
Oenothera biennis L.; Oenothera lamarckiana L., oleum (evening primrose oil)
i) Herbal substance
Not applicable.
ii) Herbal preparations
Fatty oil obtained from seeds of Oenothera biennis L. or Oenothera lamarckiana L. by extraction and/or expression.